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Astronomy Research

Scientifically viable challenges to mainstream paradigms

Current News:
(last updated 2009 January 9)

2009/01/13 Press release Dr. Thomas C. Van Flandern succumbs to cancer, founder of Meta Research died January 9, 2009.

2008/09/12 Press release summary of "Crisis in Cosmology 2" conference.

2008/08/10 The 2008 August 1 issue of the Meta Research Bulletin is now available.

2007/10/30 "The Violent History of Mars" video with voiceover, new sound track, and brief mention of related terrestrial mass extinction event is available in both full screen (18 MB) and small screen (6 MB) versions.

2008/06/10 "The Perihelion Advance Formula from Lorentzian Principles", available in two formats, depending on browser. See Gravity tab.

2007/12/21 about "Lorentz contraction"

2007/10/24 Members: See cosmology conference announcement.

2007/10/11 The extension of the "pushing gravity" model into the quantum world: The structure of matter in the Meta Model

2007/08/31 Predictions and circumstances for the 2007 Aurigids Meteor Outburst

2006/05/01 The universal speed limit is repealed. See why in "A primer on Lorentzian relativity".

2006/03/31 What would happen to the planets if the Sun suddenly ceased to exist? See new animation #6 and its explanation.

See an index of Featured Articles and General Areas below.


"Do planets in our solar system explode?"

Artwork ©1982 Sally J. Bensusen,

Welcome to the Meta Research web site.

Something has gone wrong in the field of astronomy. Many widely held beliefs fly in the face of observational evidence. Theories go through such contortions to resolve inconsistencies that the ideas can no longer be explained in simple language. Alternative ideas are often rejected out of hand simply because they challenge the status quo. The result... many of  today's theories are unnecessarily complex.

"What is the speed of gravity?"

Meta Research is dedicated to bringing some common sense back to this field. Here we challenge ideas that have consistently failed to make successful predictions, examine new paradigms, and advocate the ideas found to be most worthy of further consideration and testing.

Intuitively, most of us understand that an idea's popularity is no more an appropriate measure of its validity today than it has been at any other time in history. Yet those who question any widely accepted theories are labeled ignorant, and if they persist are branded cranks, charlatans, or worse. Meta Research does not claim to have all the answers. But here at least it is safe to ask the rude questions... and to make a case for alternative hypotheses.

"Do most asteroids and other minor bodies have their own satellites?"

** Click Cosmology or Solar System tabs and follow sub-tabs for astronomy topics.

** Publications has information about our products and services. Check out how to  become a member, subscribe to the Meta Research Bulletin, order books, or use or subscribe to our Extended Meta-notes by E-mail (EME) service.

** Expeditions will tell you about past and future expeditions open to the public to total solar eclipses, meteor storms, or other spectacular astronomical phenomena.

** Media & Links takes you to press releases, related links to external sites, our event calendar, and astronomical animations on this site.

** About Meta Research has information about the organization and a resume and bibliography for its Lead Astronomer, Tom Van Flandern.

** Viewpoint has short, informative articles about matters in the current news, often the subject of Internet rumors.

** Members Only is still under development. The Members Only forum in our Message Board is now open.

Note that papers on this site may be copyrighted by the journals they were published in, and artwork on this site may be copyrighted by the artists.

If you have comments or suggestions send email to "webmaster at". [Replace " at " with "@".] We always enjoy hearing from our members and guests, although personal replies are usually not possible.

Featured Articles:

Solar System

2001/05/08 "Artificial Structures on MarsMaterials from 2001/05/08 press conference in NYC

2000/06 Exploded Planet Hypothesis -- 2000  Current status of the EPH.

2005/04/01 Planetary Explosion Mechanisms

2005/07/08,14 Deep Impact preliminary findings (presumes you have read 2005/05/01 predictions below) & more findings

2005/05/01 Deep Impact predictions for the July 4 impact of a probe on a comet!

1997/06 Origin of Planets and Moons  The fission hypothesis has much to recommend it over the failing primeval solar nebula hypothesis.

2000/08/14 Proof of artificiality of Face on Mars

2005/06/19 Origin of Valles Marineris canyon on Mars

2002/09/28 See Solar System tab, Cydonia sub-tab for new off-site papers of interest: "Evidence of Planetary Artifacts" and an analysis of a controversial THEMIS image of Cydonia.

2004/08/25 Video of a meteor storm! (2002 Leonids)

2004/08/14 Observational results for this year's predicted Perseids outburst are now available at the end of our event announcement.

2004/06/11 The black drop effect during transits of Venus. Description and physical explanation. Transits from other planets.

2002/08/05 Absolute GPS to Better than 1-meter 4-part article about high-precision Global Positioning System data and its analysis.


2002/10/12 New Cosmology article by Tom Van Flandern: Physics has its Principles.

1994/09 Does the Universe Really Expand?  Evidence against the accepted interpretation of the most fundamental observation underlying the Big Bang theory.

2002/03 Top 10 problems with the Big Bang (just the list)

2005/01/13 Top 30 problems with the Big Bang (full article)

2004/01/18 Readers of Pushing Gravity may be interested in the complementary article The Meta Cycle.

Gravity & Relativity

1998/12 Speed of gravity -- What the experiments say  1st paper: Observational evidence that gravity must propagate significantly faster than light.

2002/07 Speed of gravity -- repeal of speed limit  2nd paper: Ordinary things can travel faster than light.

2004/05/21 A tribute to the late J.P. Vigier. (3rd item under "Gravity & Relativity")

2002/09/04 Meaning of the "speed of gravity": a new Viewpoint article responding to the press release claiming that the Jupiter-quasar appulse of 2002/09/08 will measure the speed of gravity.

2003/01/08 Meta Research Press Release: Kopeikin and "the speed of gravity"

2005/08/02 Does gravity have inertia? We think not. See why!

2002/07/07 Meta Research is now making its first recommendation of a new book in three years. Look for the Overview of Pushing Gravity: New Perspectives on Le Sage's Theory of Gravitation (2002).

2002/03/30 Gravitational force vs. gravitational potential: a PowerPoint presentation illustrating the often-confusing difference between the effects of force and potential on clocks

2000/10/21 Possible New Properties of Gravity  Explores possible properties of faster than light gravity and reconciles ftl propagation with Relativity.

2004/05/17 What the Global Positioning System tells us about the twin's paradox moved to this site for easier access; also,

2003/01/22 Does space curve? More on the physical interpretation of relativity.

General Areas:

2002/04/28 ** Meta Research Message Board now open** See new sub-tab on home page. [Note: New registration with authenticated e-mail address is required to post messages. Registration for the Message Board is not connected to other registrations.]

2004/05/26 Visit our On-line Store to become a Supporting Member, to subscribe to the print edition of our quarterly Bulletin, or to purchase books or CDs we recommend.

2004/12/24 "Gravity" CD: Everything you ever hoped to know about gravity. See "Publications" tab.

2003/03/26 A Meta Research service: Professional Manuscript Review Service

2002/05/05 "Viewpoint" articles: Pioneer Anomalous Acceleration; Phobos still in orbit?; Meta Philosophy of Science; Meaning of the "speed of gravity".

2004/05/21 Event Calendar for information about meetings, lectures, expeditions, radio & TV appearances, etc.

2003/01/08 See our Index of past Meta Research Bulletin articles. Generally, articles from the MRB do not appear here for a minimum of two years following publication.

2002/12/20 EME Notes are available in our on-line search engine.

2002/12/16 Reports from our Australian solar eclipse expedition and earlier eclipse and meteor storm expeditions.

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